High Blood Pressure in Minnesota
How common is high blood pressure?
- In 2017, approximately 24% of Minnesota adults reported having high blood pressure, lower than any other state. This is more than 1.1 million people. 1
- In 2017, hypertensive diseases were listed as the underlying or contributing cause of death for 9,296 Minnesotans, representing almost 21% of all deaths. 2
Are there disparities in high blood pressure rates in Minnesota?
- After adjusting for differences in age, 30% of African American Minnesotans reported high blood pressure, compared to 24% of whites in 2017. 1
- Individuals with no formal education after a high school diploma report much higher rates of high blood pressure than those with at least a college degree (31% vs. 24%). 1
What are the economic costs of high blood pressure?
In the United States, there were over $55.9 billion in annual medical costs, including procedures, hospitalizations, rehabilitation, and productivity losses due to hypertension during 2014 and 2015.3
How well is high blood pressure being controlled?
- Of Minnesota adults who reported having high blood pressure in 2017, approximately 76% (more than 860,000 people) reported that they were taking medications prescribed to reduce their blood pressure.1
- In 2015, about one in four adults were not taking their blood pressure medication according to doctor’s orders. The vast majority of blood pressure medications come from two classes: 1) ACE Inhibitors and ARBs, or 2) diuretics. For all adults, non-adherence to ACE Inhibitors or ARBs was 22% and diuretics was 27%. Among younger adults (18-44 years old), nearly half were non-adherent.4
- In 2016, almost 78% of Minnesotans aged 18-85 in managed care plans who received a diagnosis of hypertension had their blood pressure adequately controlled to 140/90 mm Hg or lower within one year after the diagnosis. 5
For more information, contact: Jim Peacock (651) 201-5405.
1 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
2 CDC, National Center for Health Statistics, Multiple Cause of Death File on CDC WONDER Online Database
3 Benjamin EJ., et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics – 2019 Update: A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2019;139:e1-e473.
4 MDH/Cardiovascular Health Unit analysis of Minnesota All Payer Claims Database (MN APCD). 1 May 2018. More information about the MN APCD available at: http://www.health.state.mn.us/healthreform/allpayer/
5 Minnesota Community Measurement 2018 Health Care Quality Report. Online at http://mncm.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2017-Health-Care-Quality-Report-Final-3.30.2018.pdf