Data - Tobacco Prevention and Control - Minnesota Department of Health
2020 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey data are now available. See Minnesota Youth Data.

Tobacco NUMBRS

Tobacco and Nicotine Use in Minnesota: Briefs, Reports, and Statisticsimage of a bar chart

Tobacco NUMBRS aims to increase the visibility and accessibility of data on commercial tobacco use in Minnesota. This page features a series of data briefs, among other resources like factsheets and reports, highlighting findings from various surveys of tobacco use and other data sources.

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On this page:
Data briefs
Youth data
Adult data
Tobacco-related disparities
State and county data

Data briefs

Tobacco Control Efforts Save Minnesota Lives and Money

July 2020

A new study shows Minnesota’s comprehensive statewide tobacco control program saved thousands of lives and billions of dollars in health care and productivity costs.

Download this brief: Tobacco Control Efforts Save Minnesota Lives and Money (PDF)

Vaping Erases 15 Years of Progress Lowering Youth Tobacco Use

July 2020

image of a group of studentsMinnesota has a long history of comprehensive tobacco control, which has led to a dramatic decline in smoking among teens. However, the rising popularity of e-cigarettes (often called vapes) threatens this success. E-cigarettes entered the U.S. market in 2007 and soon became popular with teens. Vaping products are a serious threat to the health of Minnesota’s youth, delivering cigarette-like levels of flavored nicotine to the user.

Download this brief: Vaping Erases 15 Years of Progress Lowering Youth Tobacco Use (PDF)

More data briefs

Tobacco Use and Asthma

August 2019

image of a youth using an inhalerOne in five Minnesota teens (grades 6-12) have asthma, a serious chronic disease that can make it difficult to breathe. Minnesota youth who have asthma are more likely than their peers to smoke or vape, and people who have asthma who smoke or vape are likely to experience worsening symptoms and require medical treatment.

Minnesota’s middle school and high school students who have asthma who vaped or smoked in the past 30 days reported experiencing more frequent symptoms of asthma than students who did not have asthma who had not vaped or smoked.

Download this Brief: Tobacco Use and Asthma (PDF)

Smoking and Vaping around Youth who have Asthma

August 2019

The CDC advises people who have asthma to avoid tobacco smoke, yet Minnesota teens who have asthma are more likely to breathe someone else’s tobacco smoke or e-cigarette aerosol than teens who do not have asthma. Minnesota’s teens who have asthma are less likely to be protected by rules against smoking in the family’s homes or vehicles.  

Download this Brief: Smoking and Vaping around Youth who have Asthma (PDF)

Teen Tobacco Use in Rural Minnesota

image of youthRural teens start earlier, use more often, use smokeless

The tobacco use landscape in the United States and Minnesota is evolving. E-cigarettes are rapidly increasing in popularity, especially among youth. However, products like cigarettes and smokeless tobacco continue to have a stronger hold in rural areas due to decades of targeted marketing by the tobacco industry, which integrated tobacco use into rural culture.

Tobacco products contain nicotine, which is highly addictive and can harm brain development as teens grow. Rural youth are at higher risk for harm, because they tend to begin using tobacco products at a younger age and use tobacco products more frequently.

This data brief dives deeper into rural youth tobacco use in Minnesota.

Download this brief: Teen Tobacco Use in Rural Minnesota (PDF)

Which Minnesota Teens Try Vaping?

One in four middle school and high school students in Minnesota had tried e-cigarettes (teens call it vaping or juuling). Half of high school seniors reported having tried e-cigarettes at least once. The growing popularity of e-cigarettes among Minnesota’s youth caused the first rise in overall tobacco use in over two decades.

So, which teens try e-cigarettes? This data brief demonstrates that teens whose environments put them at risk for use of e-cigarettes are more likely to try them.

Download this brief: Which Teens Try Vaping? (PDF)

Teen Vaping Initiation in Minnesota

a chart showing minnesota students who have ever tried an e-cigaretteMinnesota teens are using e-cigarettes and vapes at alarming rates, exposing themselves to the harms of nicotine and risking addiction. In this data brief we use the 2017 MYTS to report e-cigarette initiation prevalence, which teens are trying e-cigarettes, and why initiation is a problem.

Download this brief: Teen Vaping Initiation in Minnesota (PDF)

Statistics

Minnesota youth data

Any tobacco use

  • Current Use: 20.5% of high school and 4.1% of middle school students reported having used a tobacco product in the past 30 days, a statistically significant decline from 26.4% (high school) and 5.2% (middle school) in 2017. An estimated 65,050 students in grades 6 through 12 used a tobacco product in the past 30 days, 12,740 fewer than in 2017.
  • Ever Use: 37.9% of high school and 12.4% of middle school students reported having ever used a tobacco product, a statistically significant decline from 2017 (47.1% and 16.2%, respectively).
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Flavored tobacco use

  • Among students who currently use tobacco (past 30-day) : 81.8% of students (84.4% of high school and 62.5% of middle school students) used a flavored tobacco product (menthol or other flavors) in the past 30 days. 
  • Among students that currently smoke (past 30-day): 32.8% of high school and middle school students reported having smoked a menthol cigarette in the past 30 days. In 2018, 27.5% of adult smokers regularly smoked menthols. 
  • Among students that currently use e-cigarettes (past 30-day): 87.1% of high school and middle school students reported having used a flavored (menthol or other flavored) e-cigarette in the past 30 days.
  • Among students that currently use cigars (past 30-day) : 26.1% of students (15.5% of high school and 42.9% of middle school students) reported having smoked a flavored (menthol or other flavored) cigar in the past 30 days.
  • 78.4% of high school and middle school students reported that the first tobacco product they ever tried was flavored.
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

E-cigarette use

  • Current Use: 19.3% of high school and 2.9% of middle school students reported having used an e-cigarette in the past 30 days, not statistically different from the percentages in 2017 (19.2% and 3.1%, respectively).
  • Ever Use: 35.4% of high school and 7.9% of middle school students reported ever using an e-cigarette, not statistically different from the percentages in 2017 (37.7% and 9.9%, respectively)
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

E-cigarette and recreational marijuana use

  • 18.2% of high school students reported having ever vaped marijuana, a significant increase from 11.4% among high school students in 2017. 2.5% of middle school students reported having ever vaped marijuana, a marginally statistically significant increase from 2017 (1.5%).
  • Among students currently using e-cigarettes (past 30-day), 65.1% of high school and 71.7% of middle school students had ever vaped marijuana, a statistically significantly increase from 2017 (33.4% and 15.5%, respectively).
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Signs of dependence

  • 70.4% of students who used an e-cigarette in the past 30 days reported signs of e-cigarette dependence (78.0% of middle school and 69.7% of high school current e-cigarette users).
  • 42.8% of current tobacco users reported having had a strong craving or feeling like they really needed to use a tobacco product in the past 30 days. 
  • 33.6% of current e-cigarette users are frequent users (used on 20+ days in past 30), a significant increase from 2017 (18.7%).
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Cigarette use

  • Current Use: 3.2% of high school students reported having smoked a cigarette in the past 30 days (current smoking), a steep decline from 9.6% in 2017; 2.0% of middle school students reported current smoking, not statistically different from 1.9% in 2017. 
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Cigar and cigarillo use

  • Current Use: 3.3% of high school students reported having smoked a cigar in the past 30 days (current use), a steep decline from 2017 (10.6%); 1.1% of middle school students reported current cigar use, not statistically different from the percentage in 2017 (1.4%).
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Smokeless tobacco use

  • Current Use: 1.3% of high school students reported having used smokeless tobacco in the past 30 days, a steep decline from 6.0% in 2017. 0.9% of middle school students reported having used smokeless tobacco in the past 30 days, statistically unchanged from 2017. 
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Polytobacco use

  • 5.4% of students reported having used more than one type of tobacco in the past 30 days, a dramatic decline from 2017 (13.5%). Nationally, this statistic dropped only one percentage point in the same time period from 9.2% to 8.2%. 
  • The most prevalent combination of tobacco products used among students who used more than one product type was e-cigarettes and cigarettes (28.3%), followed by e-cigarettes and cigars (19.3%) and cigarettes, cigars, and e-cigarettes (10.2%).
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Youth access

  • Students age 17 or younger who used an e-cigarette in the past 30 days (but could not legally buy tobacco products in any jurisdiction) most commonly reported they got the e-cigarettes they used from social sources: 49.2% reported “someone offered them to me,” 30.6% reported they “asked someone to give me some,” and 27.8% reported “I bought them from another person.” [This question changed from 2017 to 2020; difficult to trend]
  • 8.0% of high school students under age 18 reported they bought e-cigarettes from a store (including online stores), which is a substantial decline from 30.5% in 2017.
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Cessation

  • 57.3% of students who currently use tobacco reported having intentions to quit within the next 30 days or later, while 42.7% did not. 
  • 63.4% of students who were currently using tobacco reported having stopped using all tobacco for one day or longer in the past year because they were trying to quit for good. Only 36.6% of students who are current tobacco users reported not having tried to quit in the past year. 
  • 52.4% of students who currently use tobacco were interested in receiving help to quit if offered at no cost.
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Secondhand smoke

  • 46.9% of middle and high school students reported they had been exposed to secondhand smoke during the past 7 days at one or more locations, a significant decrease from 2017 (52.2%).
  • 32.1% of middle and high school students reported they had been exposed to secondhand smoke in an indoor or outdoor public place; 22.6% at work; 17.5% at school; 17.5% in a vehicle; and 16.1% at home. 
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020
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Secondhand aerosol

  • 28.3% of middle and high school students reported they had been exposed to secondhand aerosol during the past 7 days at one or more location, a significant increase from 2017 (23.9%).
  • 14.0% of middle and high school students reported they had been exposed to secondhand aerosol in an indoor public place, a statistically significant increase from 2017 (8.6%); 12.5% at home or in someone else’s home; and 16.1% in a vehicle. 
Source: Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2020

Download this information: Data Highlights from the 2020 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey (PDF)

Minnesota Adult Data

Any Tobacco Use

  • 21.3% use some type of tobacco product.

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

Cigarette Use

  • Smoking fell to 13.8% (approximately 574,000 adults), down from 14.4% in 2014. Not Statistically Significant.
Among 18-24 year olds
  • Smoking dropped in half from 15.3% in 2014 to 8% in 2018.

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

E-cigarette Use

  • Overall e-cigarette use (used at least once in the past 30 days) among has not increased significantly since 2014 (5.9% in 2014 compared to 6.0% in 2018).
  • 44.0% of e-cigarette users report they have never smoked cigarettes, up from 22.5% in 2014.
  • Most adult e-cigarette users use flavored (80.2%).
  • The percent of adult e-cigarette users of all ages who are also current smokers declined significantly, from 65.8% in 2014 to 37.0% in 2018.
Among 18-24 year olds
  • E-cigarette use nearly doubled from 2014 (12.8%) to 2018 (21.9%) and exceeds cigarette use for this age group.
  • Most e-cigarette users (3 in 4) never smoked, an almost 150% increase since 2014 (72.6% in 2018 from 30.4% in 2014.)
  • Almost all of e-cigarette users (96.7%) report their usual e-cigarette is flavored.

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

Menthol Tobacco Use

  • 27.5% report menthol cigarettes as their usual product

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

Quitting Tobacco

  • 45.7%, or 260,000 adult smokers, reported making a quit attempt in the past 12 months. This was down significantly from 53.4% in 2014.

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

Smokeless Tobacco Use

  • 3.2% of adults use smokeless, down from 3.6% in 2014

Source: Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, 2018

Download this information: Data Highlights from the 2018 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (PDF)

Fact sheet: Tobacco Use in Minnesta: Results from the 2018 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (PDF)

Tobacco Related Disparities

Chart showing percent of Minnesota students who used any tobacco in the past 30 days (Grade 11, 2016)

Chart showing smoking prevelance among Minnesota Adults by Race/Ethnicity

Chart showing smoking prevelance among Minnesota Adults by subgroup

State and County Data

Click below to view tobacco profiles for each of Minnesota's counties. These profiles show commercial tobacco's toll in each county in one year. They also include local and statewide data on products stores sell, youth tobacco use, and tobacco use during pregnancy.

Hennepin County Tobacco Profile Kittson County Tobacco Profile Roseau County Tobacco Profile Lake of the Woods County Tobacco Profile Koochiching County Tobacco Profile St. Louis County Tobacco Profile Itasca County Tobacco Profile Beltrami County Tobacco Profile Otter Tail County Tobacco Profile Lake County Tobacco Profile Cook County Tobacco Profile Cass County Tobacco Profile Aitkin County Tobacco Profile Polk County Tobacco Profile Marshall County Tobacco Profile Pine County Tobacco Profile Becker County Tobacco Profile Pennington County Tobacco Profile Mahnomen County Tobacco Profile Hubbard County Tobacco Profile Wilkin County Tobacco Profile Todd County Tobacco Profile Kanebec County Tobacco Profile Pope County Tobacco Profile Benton County Tobacco Profile Big Stone County Tobacco Profile Wright County Tobacco Profile Washington County Tobacco Profile Renville County Tobacco Profile Scott County Tobacco Profile Lyon County Tobacco Profile Watonwan County Tobacco Profile Waseca County Tobacco Profile Dodge County Tobacco Profile Nobles County Tobacco Profile Fillmore County Tobacco Profile Red Lake County Tobacco Profile Norman County Tobacco Profile Crow Wing County Tobacco Profile Stevens County Tobacco Profile Stearns County Tobacco Profile Isanti County Tobacco Profile Chippewa County Tobacco Profile McLeod County Tobacco Profile Lincoln County Tobacco Profile Nicollet County Tobacco Profile Rice County Tobacco Profile Cottonwood County Tobacco Profile Olmsted County Tobacco Profile Rock County Tobacco Profile Faribault County Tobacco Profile Houston County Tobacco Profile Clearwater County Tobacco Profile Clay County Tobacco Profile Wadena County Tobacco Profile Grant County Tobacco Profile Morrison County Tobacco Profile Swift County Tobacco Profile Chisago County Tobacco Profile Sherburne County Tobacco Profile Meeker County Tobacco Profile Ramsey County Tobacco Profile Yellow Medicine County Tobacco Profile Carver County Tobacco Profile Brown County Tobacco Profile Le Sueur County Tobacco Profile Goodhue County Tobacco Profile Murray County Tobacco Profile Martin County Tobacco Profile Freeborn County Tobacco Profile Winona County Tobacco Profile Carlton County Tobacco Profile Traverse County Tobacco Profile Douglas County Tobacco Profile Mille Lacs County Tobacco Profile Lac Qui Parle County Tobacco Profile Kandiyohi County Tobacco Profile Anoka County Tobacco Profile Dakota County Tobacco Profile Redwood County Tobacco Profile Sibley County Tobacco Profile Wabasha County Tobacco Profile Pipestone County Tobacco Profile Blue Earth County Tobacco Profile Steele County Tobacco Profile Jackson County Tobacco Profile Mower County Tobacco Profile

More information

Reports

Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey

The Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey (MYTS) has been conducted since 2000, by the Minnesota Department of Health to provide comprehensive, in depth information on the tobacco use of young people and to design and evaluate prevention efforts. The MYTS is a representative sample survey. The seventh MYTS was conducted in 2017, and previous surveys took place in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, and 2014.

Learn more about the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey.

Minnesota Student Survey

The Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) is conducted every three years among populations of Minnesota public schools. The census-like survey asks questions about activities, experiences, and behaviors. Topics covered include: tobacco, alcohol and drug use, school climate, physical activity, violence and safety, health, connections with school and family, and other topics.

The survey is administered jointly by the Minnesota Departments of Education, Health, Human Services, and Public Safety. The Minnesota Student Survey collects data by 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades.

Learn more about the Minnesota Student Survey.

Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey

The Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) is a collaborative effort between ClearWay Minnesota and the Minnesota Department of Health. MATS is the most thorough source of information about tobacco behaviors, attitudes and beliefs in Minnesota and helps measure the progress of Minnesota’s comprehensive tobacco control program. Previous MATS surveys were conducted in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010, and 2014.

The 2014 MATS is a cross-sectional, random digit-dial telephone survey, conducted from February to July 2014 among adults aged 18 and older living in Minnesota. The sample of 9,304 responding adults consisted of 5,300 from a statewide landline sample and 4,004 from a cell phone sample.

Learn more about the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey.

Other Reports

For more information

Interested in data on other topics? Visit the Minnesota Public Health Data Access portal.

References

  1. Watkins, S.L., S.A. Glantz, and B.W. Chaffee, Association of Noncigarette Tobacco Product Use With Future Cigarette Smoking Among Youth in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, 2013-2015. JAMA Pediatr, 2018.
Updated Thursday, 02-Sep-2021 13:47:38 CDT